Conditions relating to the feet are more common than you may think, which means there’s often a lot of helpful advice and treatment available to help deal with the issue as soon as possible. According to the NHS, around 75% of the UK population will experience a foot problem at some point during their lifetime.
Your feet alone have around 250,000 sweat glands. During periods of physical activity or exertion, they can produce around four to six ounces of sweat in a single day – if not more! This is why it’s important to take care of your feet and keep them clean and dry after workouts to keep them free of conditions such as Athlete’s Foot.
An average person will walk around 8,000 – 10,000 steps each day, coming to a total of around 115,000 in their lifetime.
Most people have 52 bones in their feet – that’s a quarter of all the bones in the human skeleton combined! When these bones are out of alignment, the rest of your body will be too.
Have your toenails been growing faster recently? Toenails have been proven to grow faster during hot weather, pregnancy and puberty, so it’s worth keeping them cut and shaped to avoid discomfort or ingrown toenails.
Your feet may be the first indicator that you’ve developed a medical condition or illness. For instance, those who have developed diabetes may first notice reduced circulation, numbness of the feet or a foot infection that will eventually lead to a diagnosis of diabetes. It’s worth knowing the indicators of diabetes, especially as there are now over three million people with the condition in the UK.
Podiatrists are specialists in diagnosing and treating foot conditions. To become a podiatrist in the UK, one must study for a minimum of three years in order to exhibit the level of knowledge required to treat patients, so rest assured you’re in great hands when seeking treatment!
If there’s more you’d like to know about your feet, or you have a foot problem you’re looking to seek treatment for, get in touch with a podiatrist today. Betafeet Podiatry are ready and waiting!
Rwanda is a small ambitious country known as the land of 1000 hills with a population around 12 million and a rapidly growing economy. It has rolling hills for as far as you can see, a rain forest, gorillas and volcanoes, making for quite the site to any visitor. However, it is also known for the 1994 genocide in which over 1 million people were killed in 100 days across the country.
This tragic event has led to some very big health issues, which the country still faces, but thanks to a range of donor funding and strong political leadership, the country is on its way to quickly becoming a middle-income country.
As countries shift from low incomes to middle income economies, health issues become complex, where the country can face a mix of communicable disease (ie. malaria, HIV, TB) and the introduction of non-communicable disease (ie. diabetes, high BP, cholesterol) with changes in lifestyles.
Now you are probably wondering what this has to do with podiatry?
Well, as clinicians we play a role in the overall wellbeing of every patient that walks through our door for treatment and we become advocates for a number public health issues. While our specialist area is focused on the foot and ankle, an understanding of the bodily systems is imperative for understanding the impacts on the lower limb. This allows us to transition from clinical practice to other work streams such as health policy, public health programmes, service management and research.
As a podiatrist with a public health background, the increase of diabetes and chronic conditions in developing nations has become of personal interest. In many of these countries, diabetes is poorly understood and without proper prevention and care, can lead to a large economic burdens on the healthcare system. In 2012, the UK alone spent a whopping £639 million on foot ulcers and £662 on lower limb amputations, so the prevention and monitoring of these conditions is of paramount importance in the developing world.
The quality of life for individuals with diabetes is also drastically affected if not controlled, impacting mobility, footwear and overall lifestyle. Additionally, chronic ulceration and limb amputation, creates an increases risk (approximately 80%) of mortality within the first 5 years post amputation.
How did all this lead me to Africa, I hear you say?
In April of 2016, I (sadly) departed from the Betafeet clinic to implement an mhealth project in Rwanda in partnership with the Ministry of Health. This project, allows patients across the country to speak with a doctor and receive a prescription via SMS through their mobile phone, reducing the travel time, wait time and expense of receiving care from one of the local physical hospitals. The system is also working on monitoring both communicable and non-communicable disease using artificial intelligence, engaging patients to take ownership of their health.
This could be a major milestone for a country with stretched resources. To put things into perspective, over 80% of the population lives in remote areas of the country and works in the ‘in-formal’ sector as subsistence farmers with an average income of 2-3 dollars per day, which is not very much. To receive care, a patient may travel over an hour to reach their nearest hospital where a doctor is present and then wait anywhere from a few hours to a few days to receive the care they need. However almost 80% of the population already has a mobile phone.
Appropriate access to clinical care is a large part of the prevention and management of many conditions and undertaking this project has been a great experience. As a clinician, I have had the opportunity to utilise my knowledge to develop operational pathways and input into the technology development to shape the way patients receive their care.
It is with
this experience I now look to move on to my next adventure focusing on Aboriginals
and the utilisation of technology in the prevention of major non communicable
disease such as diabetes.
Final comment from Reggie Simpson and Betafeet Podiatry
We wish Andre the very best in his future and thank him for this interesting blog account. We look forward to his next blog focused on his work with the Aboriginal population.