Your feet are essentially your body’s platform and are made to carry the weight of your entire body as you go about your day. Therefore, it should come as no surprise that being overweight could result in foot problems.
Having high body weight may lead to painful conditions such as inflammation of the foot tissue, osteoarthritis or tendon inflammation.
You do not necessarily have to be obese to experience these problems. Being as little as 25 pounds overweight could put you at higher risk of foot and ankle issues.
Obesity, however, could heighten the risk even further. When carrying too much weight, the body’s posture can change, shifting the body weight to the wrong parts of the feet.
In addition to pain, inflammation and discomfort, there are several specific health issues that show a link between poor foot health and being overweight.
People who are overweight are at much higher risk of developing diabetes – a condition that may lead to a decrease in foot sensation and a reduced blood flow. This makes the individual more likely to experience smaller injuries that may turn into serious problems if not treated effectively in good time.
According to the NHS and Diabetes UK, there are around 135 patients per week undergoing foot and leg amputations related to diabetes.
Gout can cause sharp foot pain, most commonly in the toes and joints. The condition occurs when uric acid becomes crystallised and accumulates in the joints. People who are overweight are at higher risk as their bodies produce higher levels of uric acid.
Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD)
Peripheral arterial disease is caused by a build-up of plaque in the arteries, resulting in a lack of blood flow to the legs and feet. The plaque is caused by fatty deposits and is more likely to occur in those who are overweight.
Staying active and eating a healthy, balanced diet will reduce your risk of developing the above conditions and keep your feet healthier in the process.
Many people don’t realise that simply moving around more counts as physical activity that can aid weight loss without putting them at risk of foot injuries.
For those who are significantly overweight, it’s important to begin with low-impact activities.
After taking the steps to improve your physical activities and working with a doctor to improve your overall health, try getting in touch with a podiatrist.
Beta Feet Podiatry can advise on the best shoes for your condition in addition to the correct sizing and support.
Rwanda is a small ambitious country known as the land of 1000 hills with a population around 12 million and a rapidly growing economy. It has rolling hills for as far as you can see, a rain forest, gorillas and volcanoes, making for quite the site to any visitor. However, it is also known for the 1994 genocide in which over 1 million people were killed in 100 days across the country.
This tragic event has led to some very big health issues, which the country still faces, but thanks to a range of donor funding and strong political leadership, the country is on its way to quickly becoming a middle-income country.
As countries shift from low incomes to middle income economies, health issues become complex, where the country can face a mix of communicable disease (ie. malaria, HIV, TB) and the introduction of non-communicable disease (ie. diabetes, high BP, cholesterol) with changes in lifestyles.
Now you are probably wondering what this has to do with podiatry?
Well, as clinicians we play a role in the overall wellbeing of every patient that walks through our door for treatment and we become advocates for a number public health issues. While our specialist area is focused on the foot and ankle, an understanding of the bodily systems is imperative for understanding the impacts on the lower limb. This allows us to transition from clinical practice to other work streams such as health policy, public health programmes, service management and research.
As a podiatrist with a public health background, the increase of diabetes and chronic conditions in developing nations has become of personal interest. In many of these countries, diabetes is poorly understood and without proper prevention and care, can lead to a large economic burdens on the healthcare system. In 2012, the UK alone spent a whopping £639 million on foot ulcers and £662 on lower limb amputations, so the prevention and monitoring of these conditions is of paramount importance in the developing world.
The quality of life for individuals with diabetes is also drastically affected if not controlled, impacting mobility, footwear and overall lifestyle. Additionally, chronic ulceration and limb amputation, creates an increases risk (approximately 80%) of mortality within the first 5 years post amputation.
How did all this lead me to Africa, I hear you say?
In April of 2016, I (sadly) departed from the Betafeet clinic to implement an mhealth project in Rwanda in partnership with the Ministry of Health. This project, allows patients across the country to speak with a doctor and receive a prescription via SMS through their mobile phone, reducing the travel time, wait time and expense of receiving care from one of the local physical hospitals. The system is also working on monitoring both communicable and non-communicable disease using artificial intelligence, engaging patients to take ownership of their health.
This could be a major milestone for a country with stretched resources. To put things into perspective, over 80% of the population lives in remote areas of the country and works in the ‘in-formal’ sector as subsistence farmers with an average income of 2-3 dollars per day, which is not very much. To receive care, a patient may travel over an hour to reach their nearest hospital where a doctor is present and then wait anywhere from a few hours to a few days to receive the care they need. However almost 80% of the population already has a mobile phone.
Appropriate access to clinical care is a large part of the prevention and management of many conditions and undertaking this project has been a great experience. As a clinician, I have had the opportunity to utilise my knowledge to develop operational pathways and input into the technology development to shape the way patients receive their care.
It is with
this experience I now look to move on to my next adventure focusing on Aboriginals
and the utilisation of technology in the prevention of major non communicable
disease such as diabetes.
Final comment from Reggie Simpson and Betafeet Podiatry
We wish Andre the very best in his future and thank him for this interesting blog account. We look forward to his next blog focused on his work with the Aboriginal population.